Museum #17. Fashion and Textiles museum

On Sunday, we popped along to the Fashion and Textiles Museum in Bermondsey.
If I’m honest, it’s the one museum I hadn’t been looking forward to – but I was pleasantly surprised with what we found.
The exhibition on display when we visited was ‘Artist Textiles –Picasso to Warhol.’
The exhibition starts by explaining that from William Morris onwards, many artists in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries attempted to make their work more relevant to the lives of ‘ordinary’ people.
Design was recognized as a way to do this – particularly through manufactured textiles for the mass markets.
I liked this textile from Ben Nicholson, Britain’s leading constructivist artist of the twentieth century. If you look closely, Nicholson worked in a portrait of his lover, sculptor Barbara Hepworth.
 
The textile below was designed by Bernard Adenay in 1911, a member of the group ‘Omega Workshops’ that worked on a group of groundbreaking murals for the Borough Polytechnic in London.
This skirt was designed by Calkin James, a painter who set up ‘The Rainbow Workshops’ in London in 1916, which she hoped would carry the ideals of the Omega Workshops.
After the Second World War, there was an enthusiasm for modernity and new ways of living, and nothing showed a commitment to modernity more clearly than an association with modern art. Surrealism was probably the most fashionable and popular movement at the time and NYC textile converter Wesley Simpson quickly realized the commercial advantage of associationg the work of well-known artists with his company’s textiles.
Surrealist graphic design from Marcel Vertes stuck out for me, particularly his piece ‘Radishes’
Salvador Dali’s work for Wesley Simpson was there in force too.
British artists, including Henry Moore and Henri Matisse, were also hugely popular in textile design. Many were displayed at a huge exhibition in 1946 – ‘Britain Can Make it.’
One manufacturer stuck out for me – ‘David Whitehead Ltd’. They used a populist approach to good design, offering affordable textiles from artists such as Henry Moore, Eduardo Paolozzi and John Piper.
Paolozzi was a leading member of The Independent Group – he, with Nigel Henderson, created some of the most radical and influential designs of the period in Britain.
I found these patterns particularly striking.
Picasso’s work in textiles was hugely impressive.

This print ‘Musical Faun’ was brought to life as ‘Hostess cocktail Culottes’ by White Stag Clothing Co.
This design ‘Frontispiece’ was also hugely striking.
I loved this picture of Picasso in his garden in 1955, comparing original designs of his Rooster print with the finished textile from Dan Fuller (Fuller Fabrics.)
The rooster textile was exhibited too, printed on a beautiful silk scarf.
Picasso designed the scarf below to be given away as a gift to students and young people attending the Berlin Peace Festival in 1951. Pretty amazing giveaway…
In the 1950s, a satirical illustration style emerged in New York – led by Saul Steinberg and John Rombola.
Here’s a Steinberg print, entitled Paddington Station.
And here’s a Rombola piece, entitled Parade.
Through the 1950s, Andy Warhol – the Godfather of Pop – designed advertisements for textile companies. At the time, he also made several textile designs – but these have only come to light of late.
He seemed to have a penchant for bugs and food – as you can see below:
I’ve missed out a load of prints – so it’s well worth going and checking it out yourself. 
It’s an interesting museum and I’m going to be keeping my eyes open for what they have on next.
FIVE FACTS
#1. Paolozzi created his designs from an eclectic assortment of photographic material, images from popular culture, and ethnographic and scientific sources.
#2. One of Picasso’s designs (featuring bulls, suns and foliage) was originally drawn by him in the visitor book of the Institute of Contemporary Arts. He later gave permission to the Institute to use it as a print to raise funds.
#3. The Independent Group’s ideas and concepts were shown in the Whitechapel Gallery’s groundbreaking exhibition of 1956, THIS IS TOMORROW.
#4. The Warhol ‘Apple’ print above was first used as the LP cover for a recording of the William Tell Overture.

#5. Picasso by the Yard created draperies, lampshades, tablecloths, pillows using Picasso designs. The only thing they wouldn’t make was upholstery. As they put it, “by the maestro’s wishes, Picassos may be leaned against, not sat on.”
 
1. Cartoon Museum
2. Churchill War Rooms
3. Cinema Museum 
4. Dennis Sever’s House 
5. Dr Johnson’s house
6. Design Museum 
7. Down House 
8. The Geffrye Museum
9. London Film Museum 
10. London Transport Museum
11. Mansion House 
12. Brunel Museum 
13. Museum of the Order of St John 
14. Musical Museum 
15. Old Operating Theatre Museum & Herb Garret
16. Pollock’s Toy Museum 
17. Rose Theatre exhibition 
18. Fashion and Textile Museum 
19. Royal College of Music Archives and Museum of Instruments 
20. Sherlock Holmes Museum 
21. Twinings Museum
22. V&A Museum of Childhood 
23. Bank of England museum
24. The Stephens Museum 

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